Repairing Walls

1. Carefully remove nails, screws, tape and any other material affixed to the wall or surface.

  • Materials: hammer, screwdriver, pliers

2. Clean off wall or surface.

  • Materials: white vinyl eraser, mild soap/water, clean rag or sponge
  • Erase pencil marks with white vinyl eraser
  • Wash charcoal and other marking with mild soap/warm water/cloth or sponge.

3. Remove any protrusions or textures from the wall or surface using a putty knife or sand paper.

  • Materials: putty knife, sandpaper, appropriate dust mask/particulate respirator if sanding
  • Keep in mind that painting over any textures on the surface will extenuate the imperfections even more and the paint will make the texture very difficult to remove after as it seals it in.
  • Aim to remove all textures and have a smooth, finished surface before painting.

4. Fill all holes and indentations with spackle. Let dry. Sand the surface until smooth. Reapply if needed.

  • Materials: spackle, putty knife, sandpaper, gloves, appropriate dust mask/particulate respirator if sanding, drop cloth for floor
  • Put down a drop cloth under the surface so that you do not get spackle on the floor.
  • Apply spackle with putty knife over hole and with some coverage around it.
  • Less is more here. Do not cake the spackle on. Thick applications will mean longer dry times and a lot more sanding which is not efficient.
  • Remember the aim here is to prepare a smooth surface for painting. For larger holes, it may take several thinner coats of spackle.
  • Always let a coat of spackle dry first. Then sand. Then reapply a new coat. Dry. Sand. Etc.
  • Remember, smooth

When the surface is dry, smooth and excellent:

5. Paint the wall white.

  • Materials: white paint, tray or cup, roller or paintbrush, gloves (do not get paint on hands), drop cloth for floor, have some rags around too.
  • Put down a drop cloth under the surface so that you do not get spackle on the floor.
  • Many people can potentially share one tray and paint if you are all using it in the immediate area.
  • Minor Touch Ups. If you only have minor areas that require touch ups try using a roller in a feathering technique. This means you cover the area that needs the painted but reduce pressure on the roller toward the edges as you lift off, thus feathering. This reduces the sharp edge otherwise left by the roller and blend the paint better with the existing finish.
  • Major Touch Ups. Imagine your wall or surface as a grid of 4 x 4 foot squares. Soak your roller in paint and apply the roller in a N or Z pattern with the roller across the imaginary 4 x 4 square. Do not refill your roller with more paint. After the N is done, distribute the already applied paint with your roller in horizontal strokes and then with vertical strokes to evenly finish the 4 x 4 square. The paint should be evenly distributed across the section. Now, refill the roller and start the next section with a bit of overlap to the first to ensure a seamless transition. Avoid hard edges. You may want to feather the edges of each section. Continue with each 4 x 4 square of your grid across the wall until done.

6. Clean Up (please do)

  • Paint brushes should be washed immediately in the wash up bins as to standard AHVA Studio paint wash up procedure.
  • Rollers and trays can be tightly wrapped in plastic bags so that they do not dry out for the next user.
  • Please carefully close all the lids on spackle and paint containers.
  • Wipe down all putty knives and other tools with rags and water if needed + dry the tools so that these do not rust.